Oncology in Turkey

Oncology branch in Turkey is among the most successful countries in the world. Turkey has many of the world-renowned oncologist, is particularly preferred for the treatment of many cancers Istanbul from home and abroad. Turkey as well as world-renowned oncologists, hospitals have the latest technology including chemotherapy and radiotherapy devices. With the use of advanced medical devices, cancer is diagnosed early and treatment can be started as soon as possible.

Especially radiotherapy devices used in Istanbul are equivalent to world standards. In Turkey, cancer patients can get much higher improvement thanks to chemotherapy drugs, specialist oncologist and medical devices. Not only the patients, but also the doctors in worldwide who want to specialize in oncology, prefer Istanbul for education. There is also an oncology hospital specially designed for children in Istanbul.

In Turkey, cancer patients can get much higher improvement thanks to chemotherapy drugs, specialist oncologist and medical devices.

Oncology – Cancer Treatment

Oncology is a branch of science that examines uncontrolled proliferating tumor cells in the body with or without cancer. More than 15 million people worldwide suffer from cancer. Oncology examines and diagnosis tumor cells. After diagnosing tumor cells, cancer treatment is started. In order to defeat cancer, an oncologist should be consulted and correct treatment should be started. The most common type of cancers in Turkey is breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men. Nowadays, the scientific researches and the latest medical devices used in the treatment have increased the success rate of cancer treatment.

What is Oncology?

Oncology is cancer science. With uncontrolled cell proliferation, the organ that contains these cells will be damaged. Cancer cells are found in this system. Oncology examines the formation of cancerous cells and its relationship with heredity. Then start appropriate treatment. Oncologists are specialized in the diagnosis and the treatment of cancerous cells in the blood and lymphatic systems.

Each cancerous cell structure is different. Therefore, their diagnosis and treatment will be different. Thanks to special medical devices used today, cancer can be diagnosed early in the cell. Then, treatment with medical oncology and radiation oncology applications is started.

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What are the Diseases in the Field of Oncology?

More than one type of cancer cells can occur in the body. In this case, different forms of oncological treatment should be applied for different cancer cells. These are the branches of oncology;

1. Surgical Oncology

Surgical oncology is used to diagnose the disease and to remove the cancer cell. It includes many surgical disciplines such as general surgery, ENT, neurosurgery, thoracic surgery. After the diagnosis of cancerous cell, it determines the treatment method. If the cancerous cells spread too much and the diagnosis of the disease is late, the person cannot be operated. In this case, the use of radiotherapy and cancer drugs is started.

2. Medical Oncology (Chemotherapy)

Medical oncology initiates the necessary drug treatment for people who cannot be operated. Chemotherapy is in the treatment of cancer cell; used in immunotherapy, hormonotherapy, drug and molecule therapy. With chemotherapy, the tumor area can be reduced before surgery. In addition, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are used in the treatment of cancer together.

3. Radiation Oncology (Radiotherapy)

Radiation oncology is a radiotherapy treatment for people who cannot be operated in addition to medical oncology. Radiotherapy uses special medical devices that emit high doses of radiation in waves. It is applied on cancer cells with high doses of radiation. If the disease is spread out too much to be performed, radiotherapy method is applied. In this way, cancer cells can be reduced and destroyed.

What are the Factors That Cause Cancer?

Damage to the cells may occur due to various hereditary and external factors. As the damage cannot be treated at the right time, the cells begin to grow out of control and become cancerous cells. The first example of human cancer is has been seen in the Egyptians, B.C. 3000s. Today, approximately 15 million people are diagnosed with cancer every year. 

Although cancer is considered as a genetic disease, it has been observed that external factors increase the risk of developing cancer. Cigarette, alcohol, chemical drugs, radiation, infection and diseases, weakened immune system, unhealthy nutrition and overweight are the main external factors that increase the risk of developing cancer.

What are the Methods of Cancer Treatment?

Cancer treatment changes accordingly the location of the cancerous cell, the progression of the disease and the type of oncological treatment to be used. The treatment methods applied to the region where the disease is spread are:

  • Gynecological Oncology

    It deals with cancers in women, such as cervical cancer, vulva cancer, and trophoblastic tumors.
  • Neurosurgical Oncology

    Deals with the treatment of tumors in the brainstem and spinal cord.
  • Pediatric Oncology

    Treats cancer cells in children.
  • Surgery Oncology

    Deals with sections in the general surgery branch, such as breast cancer, stomach cancer, thyroid cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer.
  • Orthopedic Oncology

    Bone, muscle and soft tissue tumors are examined by orthopedic oncology
  • Urological Oncology

    Deals with kidney and testicular cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions

1) What are the symptoms of cancer?

Mass accumulation in any part of the body, hoarseness and persistent cough, nausea, change observed in defecation, changes in the size and color of the moles in the body, continuous wound formation in the skin, prolonged bleeding time after any cut are among the symptoms of cancer.

2) What are the most common types of cancer?

Breast, lung, cervical cancers in women; in men, lung, prostate and colon cancer is seen. In the world, an average of 15 million people catch cancer every year.

3) What is the success rate in cancer treatment?

The success rate of cancer treatment varies according to the progress of the disease and the region. Nowadays, advanced research and methods used in cancer treatment have increased the success rate of operations. In some cases, tumors may be repeated or only reduced.

4) What is the importance of early diagnosis?

In cases where cancer diagnosis is early, the success rate of treatment will increase. For this reason, experts recommend that people regularly check each year.

5) How is the cancer treatment process?

After the necessary diagnosis is made in the treatment of cancer, the treatment of the disease is started with surgery or chemotherapy and radiotherapy applications.